Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in obesity
Volume 1 | UKCO2019 | Next issue

UK Congress on Obesity 2019

Leeds, United Kingdom
12 Sep 2019 - 13 Sep 2019

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ob0001rfc2.1 | (1) | UKCO2019

Bariatric surgery among older adults: a matched case-control study on 30-day and 5-year mortality and changes in Body Mass Index and HbA1c up to 5-years post-operatively

Abbott Sally , Hawkes Madeleine , Hazlehurst Jonathon , Horton Helen , Singhal Rishi , Tahrani Abd

Introduction: Obesity is common (prevalence 30%) in older adults (≥65 years). Bariatric surgery (BS) is the most effective intervention resulting in sustained weight loss and cardiovascular and metabolic benefits. However, the outcomes of BS in older patients are unknown.Methods: A retrospective study utilising the bariatric database from a single UK NHS BS centre. We identified all older patients, aged ≥65 years old at surgery, who had BS be...

ob0001rfc2.2 | (1) | UKCO2019

Short- and long-term reductions in physical activity attenuate the rate of weight loss during dietary energy restriction in women with overweight and obesity

Casanova Nuno , Beaulieu Kristine , Oustric Pauline , Gibbons Catherine , Finlayson Graham , Hopkins Mark

Background: Changes in body composition following energy restriction are highly variable between individuals, but whether adaptations in biological (resting metabolic rate; RMR) or behavioural (physical activity; PA) components of total energy expenditure (TEE) underlie this variability remains unclear. This study examined if changes in TEE and its components were associated with the rate of weight loss (WL) in women during energy restriction.Methods: 46...

ob0001rfc2.3 | (1) | UKCO2019

Exploring the effect of weight loss on food reward at the individual level

Oustric Pauline , Beaulieu Kristine , Casanova Nuno , Husson Francois , Gibbons Catherine , Hopkins Marc , Blundell John , Finlayson Graham

Background: Contrary to the idea that compensatory increases in food reward occur after weight loss (WL), a systematic review has shown that liking (L) and implicit wanting (W) decrease after WL interventions. However, there is a large individual variability in WL-induced changes in food reward, with potential implications for weight regain. The aim of this multivariate analysis was to summarize the changes in L&W during WL at the individual level.Me...

ob0001rfc2.4 | (1) | UKCO2019

A low-carbohydrate, low-energy diet for people with type 2 diabetes in primary care: a randomised controlled feasibility trial

Morris Elizabeth , Aveyard Paul , Dyson Pamela , Noreik Michaela , Bailey Clare , Fox Robin , Hoffman Kathy , Jerome Derek , Tan Garry , Jebb Susan

Background: Clinical trials have shown promising evidence that low-carbohydrate diets can improve glycaemic control in people with diabetes but the interventions have been intensive and delivered in specialist settings or with specialist staff. Given that most people with diabetes are cared for in primary care, we examined the feasibility and initial effectiveness of a behavioural support programme for low-carbohydrate diets delivered by practice nurses for people with type 2 ...

ob0001rfc2.5 | (1) | UKCO2019

Systematic review of brief interventions aimed at promoting energy balance behaviours delivered during antenatal care

Smith Andrea , Tommerup Kristiane , Croker Helen , Rhodes Alexandra , Llewellyn Clare

Background: Pregnancy provides a window of opportunity to prevent childhood obesity through lifestyle interventions to reduce the risk of delivery of large-for-gestational-age infants, and childhood and adult obesity. Given the abundance of novel information that midwives are required to discuss with women during pregnancy, a brief intervention may be a pragmatic approach. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the effectiveness and feasibility of brief intervent...

ob0001rfc2.6 | (1) | UKCO2019

Population level risk factors associated with childhood obesity

Beynon Claire , Pashyan Nora , Fisher Elizabeth , Hargreaves Dougal , Bailey Linda , Raine Rosalind

Background/Objective: In Wales, approximately one in eight 4–5 year olds are obese. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association between childhood obesity and modifiable population level risk factors, after accounting for deprivation.Methods: A review of the literature identified population level risk factors including: a healthy childcare setting; the local food environment; accessible open space, community safety and crime....