Background: Overweight/obesity affects at least one third of UK 1115 y olds. Individually focussed interventions alone have proved to have limited effectiveness. Food choice architecture offers a structural approach to increase the visibility and convenience of foods to facilitate the choice of healthier foods and also reduce choice of unhealthy foods. This School Food Architecture (SFA) qualitative study aimed to determine the perceptions of pupils, teaching and catering staff in relation to school food provision and; to determine the perceptions of a recently implemented SFA intervention.
Methods: Sixteen pupils from two schools participated in focus groups; eight school staff members participated in one-to-one interviews. Topic guides were developed from literature and in consultation with a Young Persons Advisory Group. Thematic analysis was applied.
Results: Focus group themes included: dining hall day-to-day practices; determinants of choice; and aspects of health. Interview themes included: catering practices; perceptions of food provision; health awareness and education; and perceptions and knowledge of intervention. Pupils liked to purchase hand-held, quick to purchase food items (paninis/pizza) which potentially limited their access to fruit and vegetables. They were aware of healthier food choices but would choose other options if available. Staff were surprised at sugar content of some drinks and reported increased interest from pupils in fruit purchases during the intervention.
Conclusions: Schools feed large numbers of pupils daily in challenging circumstances. Given that children consume 3540% of their daily energy intake at school, interventions which enable healthier eating habits in school should be developed and maintained.
Keywords: School food, food choice architecture, public health, qualitative research
Disclosures: None to declare.
12 Sep 2019 - 13 Sep 2019