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Obesity Abstracts (2019) 1 RFC2.6 | DOI: 10.1530/obabs.01.RFC2.6

UKCO2019 Rapid Fire Communications (1) (6 abstracts)

Population level risk factors associated with childhood obesity

Claire Beynon 1 , Nora Pashyan 2 , Elizabeth Fisher 3 , Dougal Hargreaves 3 , Linda Bailey 1 & Rosalind Raine 2

1Public Health Wales, Cardiff, UK; 2University College London, London, UK; 3Nuffield Trust, London, UK.

Background/Objective: In Wales, approximately one in eight 4–5 year olds are obese. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association between childhood obesity and modifiable population level risk factors, after accounting for deprivation.

Methods: A review of the literature identified population level risk factors including: a healthy childcare setting; the local food environment; accessible open space, community safety and crime. Data for the risk factors were matched by each of the twenty-two Local Authorities in Wales to each child in the Wales Childhood Measurement Programme (2012–2017) (n=129, 893, mean age 5.0 years, standard deviation 0.4 years). Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify associations with childhood obesity.

Results: After adjusting for deprivation, significant associations were found between childhood obesity and percentage of land available as accessible open space OR 0.981 (95% CI: 0.973 to 0.989) P<0.001) and density of fast food outlets OR 1.002 (95% CI: 1.001 to 1.004, P=0.001). No other population level risk factors were related to childhood obesity.

Conclusion: This cross-sectional study found a decreased odds of obesity in areas with more accessible open space and an increased odds of obesity in areas with a higher density of fast food outlets per 100,000 population.

Volume 1

UK Congress on Obesity 2019

Leeds, United Kingdom
12 Sep 2019 - 13 Sep 2019

Association for the Study of Obesity 

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